How Germany facilitates the migration of skilled workers
New Law effecting immigration of specialized workers from non-EU countries:
In order to make Germany more attractive for qualified international skilled workers and to cover the increasing demand for skilled workers through labor migration, the German Parliament passed the Immigration of Skilled Workers Act (FEG) on 7 June 2019.
For non-EU foreigners, the administrative hurdles have so far been very high when it comes to employment in Germany. In order to improve this situation, the Immigration of Skilled Workers Act provides for changes in several laws, the most relevant of which can be found in the Residence Act. The following article concentrates on the changes in residence permits especially for skilled workers.
As of March 2020, a new law is being put into place effecting the immigration of specialized workers in Germany. To put it simply; the new law would expand opportunities for specialized workers coming from outside the European Union to work in Germany and remove obstacles for non-EU citizens who are hoping to access the German job market. Previously, only highly qualified professionals were able to seek a work visa for Germany, soon, immigrants with appropriate qualifications, German knowledge and necessary financial means, can also come to Germany to seek work.
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However, before applying for an entry visa to Germany under the new rules, interested candidates must obtain formal recognition of their professional qualifications from specialized German bodies. Interested professionals can start applying for recognition of their professional qualifications even before the new rules come into effect. Upon obtaining the official recognition document, qualified professionals can apply for a German entry visa in order to accept a specific job offer that matches their qualifications. In the event that German authorities only partially recognize professional qualifications, candidates may obtain an entry visa for additional training and examinations in Germany, and, on certain conditions, to even work during that period.
People with appropriate German skills and sufficient financial resources to cover their life needs may apply for a visa for a period of six months as job seekers.
High school graduates under the age of twenty-five years, may come to Germany for a period of up to six months in order to search for vocational training, in case their graduation certificate authorizes them to study at a university and if they are advanced speakers in the German language (level B2 According to the European reference framework) and they have sufficient financial resources to support themselves.
Slightly different rules apply to professionals over the age of forty-five. In order to come to work in Germany, they must present an employment contract with a specified minimum salary or proof of making appropriate arrangements for pension insurance.
This law is being put into place in the face of increasing demand for qualified workers by German businesses, in particular those suffering because of the shortage of appropriately qualified workers. For instance, there has been a demand for such a law for almost three decades especially by companies in the IT sector. The German IT sector federation Bitkom announced that there were 82,000 vacant jobs in the IT companies in 2019, twice as much as the previous year.
The new law contains several improvements that make it easier to recruit skilled workers from non-European countries. However, labor migration to Germany remains a complicated and difficult to understand issue.
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